Osteoarthritis (OA), Degenerative Joint Disease
Osteoarthritis (OA), commonly called “wear and tear” arthritis.
Arthritis is a general term used when there is inflammation within the joints. Osteoarthritis, specifically, causes a breakdown of joint cartilage. It is the most common form of arthritis and can occur in any joint. The joints most affect include the knees, hips, and spine. However, it can also create damage in the neck, fingers, and thumbs. It usually occurs when a joint experiences excessive stress or previous injury. Underlying cartilage disorders can also trigger the condition.
What are the four stages of osteoarthritis?
- Stage 1 – Minor. Minor wear-and-tear in the joints. Little to no pain in the affected area.
- Stage 2 – Mild. More noticeable bone spurs.
- Stage 3 – Moderate. Cartilage in the affected area begins to erode.
- Stage 4 – Severe. The patient is in a lot of pain.
What causes bone degeneration in the spine?
Is degeneration the same as arthritis?
How Do Weight and Exercise Impact Osteoarthritis?
Losing weight if you are overweight or obese helps prevent osteoarthritis of the knees, reduces the stress on weight-bearing joints, and helps reduce pain in affected joints.
Exercise is important to improve joint movement and to strengthen the muscles that surround the joints. Gentle, low-impact exercises, such as swimming or walking on flat surfaces, are recommended, because they are less stressful on your joints. High-impact activity, such as jogging or high-impact aerobics, may increase joint pain. Strength training is also encouraged, particularly for muscles surrounding and supporting affected joints.
How do you stop bone degeneration?
- Keep a healthy body weight. Extra weight puts stress on your joints. …
- Control your blood sugar. High blood sugar levels raise your risk of getting OA. …
- Be active every day. Exercise is a good way to prevent joint problems. …
- Prevent injury to your joints. …
- Pay attention to pain.
How painful is degenerative joint disease?
What is end stage degenerative joint disease?
Are bananas good for arthritis?
What fruit is good for arthritis?
What foods should be avoided if you have osteoarthritis?
- Red meat and fried foods. Fried foods and red meat contain high levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which are known for stimulating inflammation. …
- Sugars. …
- Dairy. …
- Refined carbohydrates. …
- Alcohol and tobacco.