Prevent Poor Posture

WHAT CAUSES POOR POSTURE?

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Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

If it continues it can lead to longer term problems later in life, so it’s beneficial to know what good posture looks like.

Here’s an easy guide, to help you… Mind Your Back

Guide to Good Posture

STANDING

Correct alignment:
Your ear, shoulder, hip and ankle should be in a line.

How can I improve my posture when standing?

  • Stand up straight and tall
  • Keep your shoulders back
  • Pull your stomach in
  • Put your weight mostly on the balls of your feet
  • Keep your head level
  • Let your arms hang down naturally at your sides
  • Keep your feet about shoulder-width apart

Stand tall with your back and head against the wall. That’s good standing posture.

Proper Lifting

  • Take some time to determine your plan for lifting and do not rush.
  • Position yourself close to the object you want to lift.
  • Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart to give yourself a solid base of support.
  • Bend at the knees.
  • Tighten your stomach muscles.
  • Lift with your leg muscles as you stand up.
  • If an object is too heavy or is an awkward shape, do not try to lift it by yourself. Get help.
 

 

Right and wrong ways to lift

(Left) Wrong way to lift. (Right) Right way to lift.

Picking Up a Light Object

To lift a very light object from the floor, such as a piece of paper, lean over the object, slightly bend one knee and extend the other leg behind you. 

 

Hold on to a nearby chair or table for support as you reach down to grab the object.

 
 

Picking up a light object

Picking up a light object. 

Picking Up a Heavy Object

Whether you are lifting a heavy laundry basket or a heavy box in your garage, remember to get close to the object, bend at the knees, and lift with your leg muscles. 

Do not bend at your waist.

When lifting luggage, stand alongside the luggage, bend at your knees, grasp the handle and straighten up.

Picking up a heavy object

Picking up a heavy object.

Holding an Object

While you are holding the object, keep your knees slightly bent to maintain your balance. 

If you have to move the object to one side, avoid twisting your body. 

Point your toes in the direction you want to move and pivot in that direction. Keep the object close to you when moving.

 

Holding an object

Holding an object.

Placing an Object on a Shelf

If you need to place an object on a shelf, move as close as possible to the shelf. Spread your feet in a wide stance, positioning one foot in front of the other to give you a solid base of support. Do not lean forward and do not fully extend your arms while holding the object in your hands.

If the shelf is chest high, move close to the shelf and place your feet apart and one foot forward. Lift the object chest high, keep your elbows at your side and position your hands so you can push the object up and on to the shelf. Remember to tighten your stomach muscles before lifting.

 
 

Placing an object on a shelf

Placing an object on a shelf.

SLEEPING

Correct alignment:
Your spine should be straight when lying on your side.

Tip

  • Avoid sleeping on your stomach.
  • If you sleep on your side, place a pillow between your legs.
  • If you sleep on your back, put a pillow under your knees.
  • Your bed should allow you to have a straight spine if lying on your side – soft enough to accommodate the curves of your shoulder and hip.

SITTING

Correct alignment:
Your ear, shoulder and hip should
be in a line

Tip

  • Make sure you sit with your bum against the back of the chair (BBC).
  • Feet should be flat on the floor.
  • Arms parallel to the floor. The top of your

Lifting Techniques for Home Caregivers

Some general guidelines to follow when you lift or move a person include:

  • Keep your head and neck in proper alignment with your spine; your head, neck, and back should be as straight as possible.
  • Maintain the natural curve of your spine;  bend with your hips and knees, rather than from your back.
  • Avoid twisting your body when carrying a person.
  • Always keep the person who is being moved close to your body.
  • Keep your feet shoulder-width apart to maintain your balance.
  • Use the muscles in your legs to lift and/or pull.

If the person is uncooperative, too heavy, or in an awkward position, get help.

  • Sitting Up in Bed

    To move a person who is lying in bed to a wheelchair, put the chair close to the bed and lock the wheels.

    If the person is not strong enough to push up with his or her hands to a sitting position, place one of your arms under the person’s legs and your other arm under his or her back.

    Move the person’s legs over the edge of the bed while pivoting his or her body so that the person ends up sitting on the edge of the bed.

    Keep your feet shoulder-width apart, your knees bent, and your back in a natural straight position.

Helping patient into sitting position

Sitting up in bed

  • Standing Up

    If the person needs assistance getting into the wheelchair, position the person’s feet on the floor and slightly apart. Face the person and place his or her hands on the bed or on your shoulders.

    Your feet should be shoulder-width apart with your knees bent. Place your arms around the person’s back and clasp your hands together. Hold the person close to you, lean back, and shift your weight.

    Nurses, physical therapists, and others in hospitals often use lifting belts fastened around a person’s waist to help with these types of movements.. The caregiver then grasps the belt when lifting the patient.

Transferring patient from bed to wheelchair

Standing up

  • Sitting Down

    Pivot toward the wheelchair, bend your knees, and lower the person into the chair.

    Make sure the person has both hands on the arms of the chair before you lower him or her down.

     

Lowering patient into wheelchair

Sitting down

Correct your posture

Good posture is about more than standing up straight so you can look your best. It is an important part of your long-term health. Making sure that you hold your body the right way, whether you are moving or still, can prevent pain, injuries, and other health problems.

Posture

What is posture?

Posture is how you hold your body. There are two types:

  • Dynamic posture is how you hold yourself when you are moving, like when you are walking, running, or bending over to pick up something.
  • Static posture is how you hold yourself when you are not moving, like when you are sitting, standing, or sleeping.

It is important to make sure that you have good dynamic and static posture.

The key to good posture is the position of your spine. Your spine has three natural curves – at your neck, mid back, and low back. Correct posture should maintain these curves, but not increase them. Your head should be above your shoulders, and the top of your shoulder should be over the hips.

How can posture affect my health?

Poor posture can be bad for your health. Slouching or slumping over can

  • Misalign your musculoskeletal system
  • Wear away at your spine, making it more fragile and prone to injury
  • Cause neck, shoulder, and back pain
  • Decrease your flexibility
  • Affect how well your joints move
  • Affect your balance and increase your risk of falling
  • Make it harder to digest your food
  • Make it harder to breathe

How can I improve my posture in general?

  • Be mindful of your posture during everyday activities, like watching television, washing dishes, or walking
  • Stay active. Any kind of exercise may help improve your posture, but certain types of exercises can be especially helpful. They include yoga, tai chi, and other classes that focuses on body awareness. It is also a good idea to do exercises that strengthen your core (muscles around your back, abdomen, and pelvis).
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Extra weight can weaken your abdominal muscles, cause problems for your pelvis and spine, and contribute to low back pain. All of these can hurt your posture.
  • Wear comfortable, low-heeled shoes. High heels, for example, can throw off your balance and force you to walk differently. This puts more stress on your muscles and harms your posture.
  • Make sure work surfaces are at a comfortable height for you, whether you’re sitting in front of a computer, making dinner, or eating a meal.

Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

Guide to Good Posture

Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

Ergonomics

  • Customize your work station to your body and tasks
  • Change positions frequently
  • Move efficiently and control stress
Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

Keep Active

  • Exercise at least 30 mins, 3 times a week
  • Take rest breaks every hour: recline in your chair for a moment or walk around for a few minutes
  • Change your position. If seated, stand up; if standing, walk around
  • Perform a different task every hour or so & use different muscles to relieve back
Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

Sitting

  • Feet should touch the floor or be supported
  • Keep knees & hips level
  • Sit up to keep spine straight
  • Look straight without neck strain
  • Adjust your chair’s lumbar and armrests
  • Keep monitor at arms’ length
  • Position monitor & document holders even or slightly below line of sight
Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

Mobile Devices

  • Sit up when texting or reading
  • Keep device at chest or eye level to decrease neck and back stress
  • Use a hands-free device instead of holder to your ear
Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

Lifting

  • Estimate the weight to be lifted and ensure a clear path to move object
  • Keep a wide stance and bend from the legs (not from the waist)
  • Keep the load as close as possible to your body Avoid bending from your back
  • Do not twist, rather pivot from hips and feet for less back stress
Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

Driving

  • Adjust the seat height and distance so knees are slightly bent and back supported by the seat back
  • Recline your seat slightly to decrease back strain if needed
  • Use lumbar support to support the natural curve in your low back (cushions or rolled towels work too!)
  • Raise back of seat so you’re sitting on a flat surface
  • Take frequent breaks in long drives: take a short walk and stretch
Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

Child Care

  • Use your whole body by bending hips, knees and ankles, keeping child close, when lifting them (Don’t twist & lift)
  • Try carrying baby face-out from the middle of your body
  • If carring baby on side, alternate the sides frequently. Keep the thumb close to the other fingers to avoid ligaments/tendons stress
  • Keep baby carrier above hips
  • Adjust handle of stroller to belly button level, and push with relaxed, slightly bent elbows
  • Use a pillow or arm rest to support the baby during feeding
  • When on the floor, sit with your back supported or kneel
Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

House Work

  • Mopping: Stand upright, keep elbows close to the body, and move with it like a dance partner, avoiding torso twisting
  • Vacuuming: Stand upright and move with the vacuum
  • Bathroom: Use a small stool to sit or kneel in comfort while cleaning the lower fixtures
  • General: If bending for a task, arch back, take breaks, and change postures frequently
  • Standing at sink or counter: Use a wide stance and lean your stomach on the counter edge to lower your body and prevent leaning forward, wear comfortable shoes or stand on rubber mat and be mindful of posture, keeping your head up
Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

Walking

  • Walking at a brisk pace is beneficial for maintaining a healthy lifestyle and often helps back pain
  • Maintain upright posture to avoid slumping or leaning forward while walking
  • Use a pedometer to track progress and stay motivated
Occupation and lifestyles can lead to back pain because of poor posture.

Exercise

  • Choose a dynamic warm-up that increases your heart rate & elevates body temperature over simple stretching
  • Walk briskly, swinging arms in a pain-free manner, start slow, building up to higher intensity exercise