Pain Treatment | Procedures

Noninvasive Neuromodulation Procedure

Do you have Migraine & Headache and would like to see if Noninvasive neuromodulation work for you? Call or request an appointment online with our expert pain specialist at Bay State Pain Associates.

Peripheral neuromodulation for the treatment of migraine and headache

Noninvasive neuromodulation is a rapidly developing field that offers an attractive nonpharmacologic treatment option for headache patients. Devices that stimulate peripheral nerves (e.g., vagus nerve, trigeminal sensory nerve, somatic sensory nerve) or brain parenchyma (e.g., occipital cortex) have been developed for this purpose. 

How neuromodulation works

Neuromodulation is conducted with a device that uses electrical currents or magnets to adjust or change activity that occurs in the brain. Some of these devices can stop attacks that are already underway, while others are used preventatively. 

These devices are sometimes referred to as stimulators, although they often turn down brain activity rather than stimulate it. Neuromodulation devices can be electrical, temperature-altering, or magnetic. While they can be portable, some require surgical placement. Right now there are a few neuromodulation devices that have been approved by the FDA for headache and are no longer considered experimental. Each of them is labeled by the FDA as “minimal risk,” meaning no significant side effects are known or expected to occur with their use.